京都の魅力 The Charm of Kyoto part1 ( 2 - 5 )

京都の魅力 The Charm of Kyoto part1(2-5)

The charm of Kyoto lies in its cultural diversity.

京都の魅力は、その多様性にあります。

It used to be the capital of Japan.

かつては千年の都と呼ばれていました。

 

Emperor Kanmu moved the capital from Nara to Kyoto in the end of the 8th century.

桓武天皇が8世紀の末に、都を奈良から京都に移したのです。

Emperors lived here for more than 1,000 years.

一千年以上もの間、ここに歴代の天皇は住んでいました。

It had been the center of culture and art as well as government.

その間、京都は政治、文化、芸術の中心として栄えました。

 

The biggest crisis occurred in the Second World War.

最大の危機は第二次世界大戦のときに訪れました。

Kyoto was targeted as a city of bombing.

京都は爆撃の対象となっていました。

Some people insisted that they should destroy it with their atomic bomb.

京都に原爆を投下すべしという意見もありました。

But the United States was aware of its cultural and historical values.

しかし、アメリカは京都の文化的歴史的価値を十分に知っていました。

If they had attacked it, the whole city would have disappeared from the world together with its important heritages. Almost all buildings were made of wood.

もし攻撃すれば、京都は重要な遺産とともに焼失してしまっていたでしょう。ほとんどの建物は木造建築物なのですから。

People can rebuild their lost houses, but historical structures will never return.

焼失した家は作り直せばいいかもしれません、しかし失われた文化財はもう戻ってこないのです。

Japanese people would be sad for it and angry with the United States.

日本人は嘆き、悲しむだろう。それは怒りとなってアメリカに向かうかもしれません。

The leaders of the US never admitted the bombing of the ancient capital.

上層部は絶対に京都の攻撃を認めませんでした。

It was lucky enough to be saved from bombing.

京都が爆撃を免れたのは幸運としか言いようがありません。

Now you can see many historical structures and artwork.

今、京都には歴史的建造物や美術品が多数あります。

Because It is blessed with natural beauties, you may enjoy Kyoto in anytime of the year.

美しい自然にも恵まれ、一年中楽しむことができます。

 

It has traditional industries, but it is also a modern, academic, industrial city.

伝統産業もさることながら、京都は現代的でもあり、学問と産業の町ともなっています。

Many of the buildings have been designated as a World Heritage Site. They are not for Japanese people but for people all over the world as well.

多くの建造物が世界遺産に指定されています。

日本人だけでなく、世界中で共有されるべきものなのです。

 

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