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Our Top 5 Must-See Cairo Attractions

GoWithGuide travel specialist Official

by GoWithGuide travel specialist:GoWithGuide travel specialist Official

Last updated : May 23, 20248 min read

Things To Do

Cairo Tour Guide


Cairo is a city rich in history and ancient finery, and the most significant spot to visit to get a sense of current Egyptian street life. A visit to Egypt would be incomplete without a stop in Cairo. Few places can compare with Cairo for historical tourism, but Egypt's capital has much more to offer than museums and mosques.


With many exciting options and stunning sites, planning a vacation to Cairo might be overwhelming for you. This is why we're here to recommend a few of our favorite locations in town. The city can also be confusing or intimidating to first time visitors, so why not hire one of our vetted professional guides? They can help you enjoy the rich culture and history of the city in a safe and friendly way.


The Pyramids of Giza

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The Great Pyramids of Giza are Cairo's most popular half-day tour option, and a top priority on every visitor’s schedule. The Great Pyramid of Giza (or Pyramid of Khufu) is the largest pyramid in Egypt, and the central focal point of the Giza Pyramid Complex. Visitors can actually enter the Pyramid of Khufu, walking down the passageway from the Grand Gallery to the King’s Chamber. A ticket to enter the pyramid costs around $6-7 USD, and the journey to the King’s Chamber takes about 20 minutes to complete (not for the claustrophobic, though).


The Pyramid of Khafre is located farther south upon the plateau, and it has an internal tunnel region that may be accessed.  The smaller Pyramid of Menkaure can also be found here. The lion-bodied and pharaoh-faced Sphinx is another amazing sight to be marveled at, one of the ancient world's most recognizable monuments and guards of these temples. Once the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) is completed, the Giza Plateau will gain another attraction.


When it finally opens, it’s going to be the world's largest museum devoted to showcasing the antiquities of a single culture, displaying a plethora of Ancient Egypt's treasures, many of which have never been seen by the public before. The region around the Giza pyramids is so vast that many visitors choose to take a tour, which typically includes a camel or horse ride. This is a must-see destination despite the heat, dust, and tourist crowds.


Al-Azhar Mosque

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The Al-Azhar Mosque, constructed in 972 CE, is the best architectural example of Cairo's Fatimid era and is one of the city's earliest surviving mosques. It is also among the world's oldest universities, having been granted university status by Caliph El-Aziz in 988 CE.


The primary entrance is through the Gate of Barbers on the northwest of the palace, next to Abbas II's neo-Arab facade. Drop your shoes at the door and enter the center courtyard. The El-Taibarsiya Medrese, on your right, features a mihrab (prayer space) that dates back to 1309.


The center courtyard provides the most splendid sight of the temple's five minarets, which crowns the structure. Across the lawn is the prayer hall, which is 3,000 square meters in size. Al-Azhar Street runs east from Midan Ataba to the mosque's square in the city. The Al-Azhar Mosque is located in the middle of the Islamic area of Cairo and is easily accessible via taxi.


Saqqara & Dahshur

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The so-called "other pyramids" are located in the immense necropolis of Saqqara and the neighboring site of Dahshur. A day's drive out here is just as enjoyable as a trip to Giza's pyramids. The locations are around 30 kilometers south of Cairo.


The Step Pyramid is the most prominent tourist destination in Saqqara, but the entire region is covered with beautifully decorated tombs worth spending a few hours examining. While exploring these pyramids, the Serapeum can't be overlooked. This is where the mummies of the holy Apis bulls were deposited, and you can also marvel at the Mastaba of Ti, with its colorful and intricately painted walls. Because Saqqara is so huge and has such a long history as a burial place, explorations here continue to provide newsworthy archaeological discoveries.


Dahshur's Red Pyramid as well as the Bent Pyramid are just down the road and should not be missed. Even the shortest trip here will take at least a half-day, so we’d recommend hiring a private guide to ensure things go smoothly.


Shopping at the great Khan el-Khalili

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Khan el-Khalili offers one of the finest shopping experiences in the world. This souq (bazaar) is a maze of narrow lanes that was founded as a retail center in 1400 CE and still echoes with the clang of metal artisans and silversmiths to this day.


While in Cairo, visit Fishawis, the city’s most renowned coffee shop. Here, visitors and local merchants are served sugary Arabic coffee and sweet tea at breakneck speeds. Al-Muski Street is the primary avenue for shopping (called Gawhar al-Qaid Street), the silver and gold workshops are largely concentrated immediately north of the intersection of Al-Muizz Li-Din Allah Road, whereas the spice market is located close south.


Everything from antiques, exquisite metal lampshades, and locally woven fabrics can be found here. The best way to get to the Khan el-Khalili district is via Al-Azhar Street, which is located across the street from the Al-Azhar Mosque.


Citadel of Saladin

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Saladin erected Cairo's citadel in 1176 on a commanding site at the base of the Mokattam Hills. Besides the eastern outer walls, the original building he designed has since vanished, but subsequent lineages of monarchs constructed their modifications here.


The most famous structure and the primary reason for visiting is the Muhammad Ali Mosque. The "Alabaster Mosque," with its white stone and towering, proportionally slender minarets, is one of Cairo's most iconic structures. The views of the city are another major incentive to come up here; go to the Gawhara Terrace for the most incredible vista in town. The El-Nasir Mosque, erected by Mohammed el-Nasir between 1318 and 1335, is located just to the northeast of the Muhammad Ali Mosque.


A collection of museums (the Police Museum, National Military Museum, and Carriage Museum) occupy some of the other buildings on-site and are interesting both due to their architecture and exhibitions. If you're feeling active, you may take a stroll to the citadel region from Bab Zuweila by following Khayyamiyya Street, taking roughly 30 minutes.



Cairo is a huge metropolis. Many premium hotels are located along the Nile River or near the Giza Pyramids. However, The Garden City sector and Zamalek in downtown Cairo provide some of the greatest luxury and mid-range selections. Budget hotels are primarily located in the Downtown area.


Visiting Cairo can seem a bit of a daunting task, so to help show you the ways of the city (and how to barter at market), why not hire one of our vetted local guides? You can even prepare a custom tour of the sights you’d like to see.

Written by GoWithGuide travel specialist Official

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GoWithGuide’s writers are passionate travel specialists sharing unique tips and essential information for global explorers.

Cairo Tour Guide - Emil F.

Emil F.


Hello! I'm your guide for this incredible Egyptian adventure, and let me tell you, Egypt runs through my veins. I was born and raised in Luxor, a city cradled by ancient temples, I've been surrounded by monuments and travelers since childhood. This sparked a lifelong fascination with Egyptology, and I knew I wanted to share this passion with others. My journey to becoming your guide wasn't just about memorizing facts. I honed my language skills – English, French, and even German – to bridge the gap between cultures. I then worked with leading tour companies, but I dreamed of a better experience for visitors. So, I delved into the world of business, studying economics and accounting. Why? Because a smooth trip is essential! I was inspired by global tourism models, I even traveled to Canada to learn about exceptional customer service and food hygiene. Egypt from the Inside Out: Imagine a journey that encompasses the heart of Nubia to the cool Mediterranean breeze – that's what I strive for. My experience guiding people from all walks of life ensures a truly inclusive experience. Your Personalized Egyptian Experience: Whether you seek the iconic Pyramids or hidden gems like the Hanging Church, I'm your expert guide. My carefully curated tours nourish the mind and soul, delving deep into Egypt's rich history and archaeology. More Than Just Sightseeing: I believe in responsible tourism. My programs encourage interaction, learning, and a connection with nature. At least one eco-tourism stop is always included! Your Comfort and Safety are My priorities. From avoiding hassles to ensuring a safe and respectful environment, I'm here to make your trip seamless. Your preferences are top priority, and open communication is key. There are no hidden costs or sales pressure—just a genuine desire to share the magic of Egypt with you. Let's explore Egypt together!                                                                                                                                 

Cairo Tour Guide - Radwa T.

Radwa T.


Hello everyone, I am an English-Speaking guide since 2007.I always plan to be a tour guide and meet different people from different nations.I do private tours in Cairo,Giza,Alexandria,Fayum...etc.                                                                                                                                  

Cairo Tour Guide - Mohamed F.

Mohamed F.

5.00 / 5
(1 reviews)

Greetings to all who are drawn to the timeless wonders of Egypt! I am Mohamed, your humble guide on a journey through the ages. With over 15 years of experience as an Egyptology licensed tour guide, I've immersed myself in the captivating tapestry of ancient Egyptian history. My odyssey began in the picturesque city of Aswan, where the Nile's gentle currents weave tales of antiquity. Surrounded by majestic monuments and sacred sites, I developed an insatiable curiosity for the mysteries of the past, leading me to pursue guiding as my life's calling. From the iconic pyramids of Giza to the serene temples of Luxor, I've traversed Egypt, unraveling the enigmas of our ancestors for travelers worldwide. In the vibrant streets of Cairo, I embrace the pulse of modern Egypt, where tradition and innovation converge. Beyond guiding, my interests span cars, football, literature, and swimming. My faithful companion, Hamasa, embodies Egypt's spirit. As I look to the future, I'm excited to deepen my knowledge and craft unforgettable experiences for those who journey with me. Join me on a voyage of discovery, where every step reveals treasures to cherish. Together, let's embark on an odyssey through Egypt's rich legacy. Welcome to a land where history resonates and the promise of tomorrow beckons.                                                                                                                                 

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